Cuba is home to nine UNESCO heritage sites, including seven cultural sites and two national parks. The cultural sites include: Old Havana and its Fortification System (1982), Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios (1988), San Pedro de la Roca Castle in Santiago de Cuba (1997), Viñales Valley (1999), the Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba (2000), the Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos (2005) and the Historic Centre of Camagüey (2008). The UNESCO recognised nature reserves are the Desembarco del Granma National Park (1999) and the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park (2001).

The majority of Cuban trains are second-hand European, Mexican or Japanese carriages that travel to most of the major cities. The Especial (sometimes referred to as Tren Francés) runs from Havana to Santiago in air-conditioned, rather comfortable coaches and is the most reliable of the Cuban trains. The Hershey Line, built in by the chocolate company in 1917 to transport workers on the sugar plantations to and from the cities, runs between Havana and Matanzas. This train is less reliable, however it is also bursting with character and often packed with locals.

For expert advice on planning which heritage sites would suit your holiday to Cuba – contact CubaTravel.ie